(ii) The number of turns in the coil: As the number of turns in the coil increase, the magnetic strength at the centre increases, because the current in each circular turn is having the same direction, thus the field due to each turn adds up.
(iii) The strength of the current flowing in the coil: as the strength of the current increases, the strength of thee magnetic fields also increases.
v Solenoid: (Refer to figure 13.10, page no. 229 of N.C.E.R.T Text book)
v (i) A coil of many turns of insulated copper wire wrapped in the shape of a cylinder is called a Solenoid. (ii) Magnetic field produced by a Solenoid is similar to a bar magnet.
(iii) The strength of magnetic field is proportional to the number of turns & magnitude of current.
v Electromagnet: An electromagnet consists of a long coil of insulated copper wire wrapped on a soft iron core.
(Refer to figure 13.11, page no. 229 of N.C.E.R.T Text book)
v Fleming’s Left hand rule: Stretch the thumb, forefinger and middle finger of left hand such that they are mutually perpendicular. Forefinger points in the direction of magnetic field and centre finger in the direction of current, then the thumb gives the direction of force acting on the conductor.
(Refer to figure13.13, page no. 231 13.13 of N.C.E.R.T Text book)
v Electric motor: A device that converts electric energy to mechanical energy.
(Refer to figure 13.15, page no. 232 of N.C.E.R.T Text book)
v Principle of Electric motor: When a rectangular coil is placed in a magnetic field and a current is passed through it, force acts on the coil, which rotates it continuously. With the rotation of the coil, the shaft attached to it also rotates.
v Electromagnetic induction: Electricity production as a result of magnetism (induced current) is called Electromagnetic induction.
v Fleming’s Right hand rule: gives the direction of induced current.
Stretch the thumb, forefinger and middle finger of right hand such that they are mutually
perpendicular. Forefinger points in the direction of magnetic field and centre finger in the
direction of induced current, then the thumb gives the direction of motion of the conductor.
v Electric generator: A devise that converts mechanical energy to electric energy.
(Refer to figure 13.19, page no. 236 of N.C.E.R.T Text book)
Electric generator is of two types- (i) A.C generator (ii) D. C generator
v Principle of Electric generator: Electromagnetic induction
v Domestic electric circuits: (Refer to figure 13.20, page 238 of N.C.E.R.T Text book)
v We receive electric supply through mains supported through the poles or cables. In our houses we receive AC electric power of 220V with a frequency of 50Hz.
The 3 wires are as follows- (i) Live wire- (Red insulated, Positive)
(ii) Neutral wire- (Black insulated, Negative)
(iii) Earth wire- (Green insulated) for safety measure to ensure
that any leakage of current to a metallic body does not give
any serious shock to a user.