Electrostatic Potential and capacitance Physics Revision Test for Class XII

Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Max. Marks :: 30                                      Time:: 75 minutes

1 mark questions

  1. Define electric potential.
  2. Define 1 farad.
  3. State the principle of a capacitor.
  4. Draw the equipotential surface for a point charge q>0.
  5. Define dielectric constant of a medium on the basis of capacitance.
  6. Write the ratio of electric potential at a distance r on equatorial position to the electric potential at a distance r on axial position.
  7. Calculate the radius of a spherical conductor of capacitance 1 pF.
  8. What is electrostatic shielding?2 Marks Questions
  9. A regular hexagon of side 10 cm has a charge 5 μC at each of its vertices. Calculate the potential at the centre of the hexagon.
  10. Derive an expression for the energy stored in a capacitor.
  11. Four capacitors are connected as shown in diagram. Calculate the equivalent capacitance between the points X and Y.
  12. When two capacitors of capacitance C1 and C2 are connected in series, the net capacitance is 3μF . When connected in parallel the effective capacitance is 16μF. Calculate the values of C1 and C23 marks questions
  13. Derive an expression for the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with a dielectric slab of thickness less than the spacing between the the plates inserted between the plates.
  14. A 10μF capacitor is charged by a 30V dc supply and then connected across a an uncharged 50μF capacitor. Calculate (i) the final potential difference across the combination, and (ii) the initial and final energies. How will you account for the difference in energy?
  15. A parallel plate capacitor with air between the plates has a capacitance of 8 pF. What will be the capacitance if the distance between the plates is reduced by half and the space betwee them is filled with a substance of dielectric constant K = 6?5 Marks Questions
  16. Describe the principle construction and working of a Van de Graff generator. Explain why the apparatus is enclosed inside a steel chamber maintained at high pressure.

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